Neurosurgery (or neurological surgery) is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal column, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
A neurosurgeon is a physician who specializes in treatment and surgery of the nervous system and its surrounding structures.Neurosurgeons operate on the brain, skull, scalp and spinal column.
Because of advances in technology, (the MRI and CAT Scan, the ICP monitor and the shunt), brain injury, in general, is more likely to have a positive outcome than it did several years ago.
One of the most important roles the neurosurgeon performs in the treatment of brain injury is in the prevention of further damage to the brain. This is accomplished in several ways.